La familia Calliphoridae pertenece a la superfamilia Oestroidea (MacAlpine, ). Generalmente se considera compuesta de 5 subfamilias (Hall, ); sin . Resumen. La familia Calliphoridae incluye alrededor de. especies en géneros, de las cuales están citadas para las Regiones Neotropical. Según datos morfológicos la familia Calliphoridae es un clado parafilético o aun, polifilético (Rognes ). Las de- más familias al parecer.
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BoxCaracas A, Venezuela. A checklist of the 39 species of blow flies Calliphoridae and Mesembrinellidae so far known to occur in Venezuela is provided, based on a thorough literature review and the examination of ca.
Data from the literature and museum collections callihporidae used to generate distribution maps for 37 species. Three species are recorded from Venezuela for the first time: Chrysomya putoria Wiedemann,Mesembrinella spicata Aldrich, and Mesembrinella umbrosa Aldrich, Historically, the taxonomic composition and phylogenetic relationships within this group of flies, belonging to the superfamily Oestroideahave been controversial.
During the last two decades, a division of Calliphoridae into 14 subfamilies has been widely accepted RognesNorrisKutty et al. This is the case of Mesembrinellidae Kutty et al.
Another group, Bengaliinaehas also been suggested as an independent family Lehrerbut further studies caoliphoridae required to support this controversial proposal and it currently remains widely accepted as a subfamily closely related to Auchmeromyiinae RognesMarinho et al.
In this paper, we use the common name of blow flies to designate the traditional, non-monophyletic concept of Calliphoridae s. A single species of RhiniidaeStomorhina lunata Fabricius,is present in the New World where it is found only on the island of Bermuda Rognes Mesembrinellidae are a relatively small family of Neotropical blow flies occurring from southern Mexico to northern Argentina Peris and Mariluis Souzalopesiellinae and Laneellinae with a brown, non-metallic abdomen, and Mesembrinellinae with a metallic abdomen Vargas and WoodMarinho et al.
On the other hand, six subfamilies of Calliphoridae occur in the Neotropics: Blow flies include more than genera and approximately species worldwide RognesPape et al. The adults of some species can impact human health, acting as vectors of pathogens by searching for and settling on feces, fresh and cooked meat, dairy products and wounds Rognes The larvae of other species, e. There are also blood-sucking species ectoparasitic on birds or mammals, e.
Blow flies are significant in forensic medicine because they are among the first insects to colonize animal remains Smith Some species have been suggested as an effective tool for assessment of vertebrate biodiversity, representing an indirect source of DNA from the vertebrate carcasses on which they have fed Calvignac-Spencer et al.
They are also considered potential environmental indicators in tropical areas since many species, famioia. Many authors have contributed to reviewing the taxonomy of Neotropical Calliphoridae calliphofidae lato i. In more recent taxonomic studies from the region, Vargas and Wood provided a comprehensive review and key to Central American genera; Whitworth studied the species present in the West Indies, providing keys and reviewing some species, as well as describing a new one; the same author carried tamilia a complete revision of the six species of Calliphora Robineau-Desvoidy, from the Neotropical Region Whitworth and a revision of 23 species of the genus Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy, found in the Neotropics, where he provided an identification key and described six new species Whitworth callliphoridae The recent revisions of some genera of Mesembrinellidaeincluding descriptions of new species Wolff et al.
There are also a list of valid blow fly names from the Americas south of Mexico provided by Kosmann et al. Furthermore, lists of species, identification keys and ecological studies can be found for Nicaragua Maes et al. Background information regarding blow flies in Venezuela is more limited.
A first list of Venezuelan blow flies was published by Cova Other studies have focused on a few species that can cause myiasis Moissant et al. In this paper, for the first time, a checklist is presented of valid species names of Calliphoridae and Mesembrinellidae fzmilia far known to occur in Venezuela, as well as distribution maps of each species in the country.
We examined specimens housed in the following museums and institutions:. The classification used in the checklist follows Rognes, and Marinho et al. The material examined was identified on the basis of specific keys for each subfamily of Calliphoridaei.
The dissection and study of male terminalia were carried out following Whitworth Localities of occurrence of calliphorivae the examined material and records taken from the literature were georeferenced using Google Earth v7.
Each point plotted on the maps represents a locality of occurrence.
Distributions of species do not follow any alphabetic or taxonomic criterion but are instead represented in such a way as to avoid, as far as possible, the overlapping of dots. We examined a total of specimens, the subfamily Chrysomyinae being the most abundantfollowed by the Luciliinae From the material examined we identified 26 species, including one Calliphoridae and two Mesembrinellidae newly recorded for the country: Checklist of the blow flies of Venezuela, including reviewed references and the depositories of examined specimens.
Doubtful records found in the caliphoridae were excluded from the list when there was no indication of how the species were identified or when the accuracy of the identifications was uncertain.
Eumesembrinella randa Walker, and Lucilia sericata Meigen, were cited for Venezuela by Peris and MariluisMariluis et al.
Calliphoridae – Wikipedia
Calliphora nigribasis Macquart, Fig. Material examined 1 male: Chloroprocta idioidea Robineau-Desvoidy, Fig. Material examined 1 male, 1 female: Chrysomya albiceps Wiedemann, Fig. Material examined 38 males, 78 females: Chrysomya megacephala Fabricius, Fig. Material examined 60 males, females: MJMO ; 1 female, Chrysomya putoria Wiedemann, Fig. Material examined 2 males, 3 females: Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel, Fig.
Material examined 2 males, 2 females: Cochliomyia macellaria Fabricius, Fig. Material examined 3 males, 6 females: Compsomyiops verena Walker, Fig. Material examined 1 male, 2 females: Hemilucilia segmentaria Fabricius, Fig. Hemilucilia semidiaphana Rondani, Fig. Material examined 5 males, 48 females: CEUA ; 19 females, m, CEUA ; 1 female, m, Paralucilia fulvinota Bigot, Fig. Blepharicnema splendens Macquart, Fig.
Material examined 4 males, calluphoridae females: Lucilia cuprina Wiedemann, Fig. Material examined 5 males, 11 females: Lucilia eximia Wiedemann, Fig. Material examined 19 males, 15 females: MJMO ; 5 males, 3 females, Tarabana, m, various dates: MJMO ; 1 male, Tarabana, Lucilia nitida Whitworth, Fig.
Material examined 2 females: Lucilia purpurascens Walker, Fig. Material examined 13 males, 58 females: Lucilia rognesi Whitworth, Fig. Sarconesia roraima Townsend, Fig. Material examined 5 males, 3 females: Material examined 1 female: Reserva Forestal Imataca, El Bochinche, m, 6— Material examined 6 males, 1 female: Mesembrinella bicolor Fabricius, Fig.
Material examined 3 males: Mesembrinella spicata Aldrich, Fig. Parque Nacional Guaramacal, m, 14— Mesembrinella umbrosa Aldrich, Fig. Souzalopesiella facialis Aldrich, Fig. Material examined 3 males, 1 female: This study is the first to determine the diversity of Calliphoridae and Mesembrinellidae in Venezuela.
The checklist contains a total calliphorodae 39 species of Calliphoridaewith 25 species distributed in ten genera, and Mesembrinellidaewith 14 species distributed in six genera. Twenty-six species were identified from examined material, while 13 species are listed based exclusively on records found in the literature. Compared to neighbouring countries that have been relatively well-studied, the known Venezuelan blow fly fauna is equivalent to that of Brazil 39 species: Three fanilia are newly recorded for the country: Chrysomya putoriaMesembrinella spicata and Mesembrinella umbrosa.
These calliphpridae were not unexpected, as these species have been found in other South American countries: The absence from the examined material of species previously recorded in Venezuela or in neighbouring countries reflects the lack of study of these flies in this region. As an example, Chloroprocta idioideathe only species of the genus Chloroprocta Wulp, Calliphoridaewas recorded in Venezuela by HallCovaDear and Kosmann et al.