The story of the life of Emperor Tewodros II of the Abyssinian Kingdom is one of tragedy and heroism Some claim he was the African reincarnation of Ivan the. Tewodros II’s origins were in the Era of the Princes, but his ambitions were not those of the regional nobility. He sought to reestablish a cohesive Ethiopian state . Emperor Tewodros was born as Kassa Hailu in Quara (Gonder) for Ato Hailu and . Emmett Atitegeb in .. became controversial in Ethiopian history. In order to.
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Between andEthiopia was divided into a number of small kingdoms tewocros ruled by regional princes and feudal lords is known in Ethiopian history as the “Era of Princes and Wealthy Feudal Lords Zemene Mesafint “.
Emperor Tewodros II – Historical Figure of Ethiopia — allaboutETHIO
The central govenment was abolished and the regional princes took control of their own affairs until Tewodros began to re-unify Ethiopia by subjugating regional Princes to his rule. He imprisoned prince Menelik of Shewa who refused to recognise Tewodros as Historh. Tewodros lacked diplomatic skills and used force to pursue his goal of re-uniting the country. Because of this, Tewodros became unpopular among many regional princes and feudal lords.
He successfully overthrew feudal lords and distributed land to the peasants and ordinary people. His efforts led to the abolition of the slave trade and won him the hearts and minds of many ordinary people. Tewodros efforts were to modernise his army, and to re-unite and established an independent and sovereign Ethiopia.
To fulfil his ambitions, Tewodros contacted a few European countries, specifically Great Britain for support. He encountered a set back when he failed to get the support he had asked for. The final straw for Tewodros came when the British did not respond his request of support.
Ethiopia – From Tewodros II to Menelik II,
He became very angry and he took several British people prisoners tewkdros a final desperate attempt to get support. Queen Victoria wrote to him asking for the release of the prisoners but Tewodros refused to release the prisoners and this led to the expedition of British troops to Meqdala in Geographically, Ethiopia was and still is a very difficult country to travel in hewodros inside co-operation so the British contacted Dejezmach Kassa of Tigray who was unhappy with the way he had been treated by Tewodros.
Kassa of Tigray made a deal attse the British. They promised him that he would get weaponry in exchange for his support against Tewodros.
Tewodros shot and killed himself rather than surrender to the British army. After Tewodros death, the British army looted the country’s precious manuscripts and religious artefacts from Megdala.
Today these priceless treasures of Ethiopia can be seen in many museums in the UK including the British Museum. The British army also took Tewodros’s son, Alemayohu, to Britain where he grew up under the protection of Queen Victoria until he died at the age of His memorial is ethiopixn in the chapel at Windsor Castle. Tewodros is remembered by Ethiopians as the founder and moderniser of Ethiopia’s Re-unification.
Many thanks to Binyam Kebede for his permission to copy and use these pictures from his website. Imperial Ethiopia Homepage, http: Many thanks to Mr. Solomon Kibriye for the contribution and comments he has made to this website.